Will a private maritime security model work in the Gulf of Guinea?

By Peter Cook, director of SAMI. The use of Private Maritime Security Companies (PMSC) and their Privately Contracted Armed Security Personnel (PCASP) in the High Risk Area (HRA) of the North-West Indian Ocean has proved extremely successful; some say it was the “game changer” for the HRA, resulting in no commercial ship having been successfully hijacked by pirates in the HRA since May 2012. But could the same or a similar private maritime security model work in the Gulf of Guinea (GoG) and if not is there any way that private maritime security can work off the coast of West Africa? Nigeria is the cornerstone of the GoG geographically, culturally […]

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Maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea debated in Portsmouth

Maritime Security in the Gulf of Guinea debated in Portsmouth

Professor Tony Chafer, Director of the University of Portsmouth, Centre for European and International Studies Research, welcomed guests to the inaugural maritime security conference organised as part of the West Africa Peace and Security Network. The Ambassador of the Republic of Togo was one of the guest speakers at the conference held on March 9, 2016 to debate piracy and maritime security issues in the Gulf of Guinea with scholars and professionals. His Excellency Ambassador Yackoley Kokou Johnson presented the key objectives of the forthcoming African Union Lomé Summit on maritime security, safety and development in Africa. Delegates discussed sea-security challenges such as piracy and other criminal activities that remain obstacles to […]

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Counter-piracy and Maritime Security, CEISR conference series, 9 March 2016

Counter-piracy and Maritime Security: addressing security challenges in the Gulf of Guinea CEISR “Study Half Day” conference series, 9 March 2016 The West Africa region is beset by numerous security challenges. Some of the most pressing security issues in the region take place in and around the maritime environment of the Gulf of Guinea, a vital space for the economic development of a vast region. Unless adequately addressed, at-sea security challenges such as piracy and other criminal activities will remain obstacles to the future prosperity of millions in the West Africa region. The conference organised by the University of Portsmouth, Centre for European and International Studies Research, will explore some […]

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Premier Bulletin du Centre FrancoPaix en résolution des conflits et missions de paix

Centre FrancoPaix, UQAM – Chaire Raoul-Dandurand en études stratégiques et diplomatiques. Ce premier numéro du Bulletin FrancoPaix paraît dans le contexte de la création du Centre FrancoPaix en résolution des conflits et missions de paix (CFP). Le CFP a pour mission de valoriser la recherche scientifique, la formation universitaire et le développement des études dans le domaine de la résolution des conflits et des missions de paix dans la francophonie. Le rôle du Bulletin est de promouvoir et diffuser des analyses mensuelles rigoureuses, ponctuelles et utiles tant aux chercheurs qu’aux décideurs et professionnels de tout genre. Il se veut aussi un espace de dialogue, de débats et de partage des […]

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Fighting for Liberal Peace in Mali? The limits of International military intervention.

By  Professor Bruno Charbonneau and Professor Jonathan Sears. The January 2013 French military intervention in Mali exposed the rising threat of ‘terrorist’ and illicit networks in the Sahel, but more importantly the intertwined limits of Malian politics and of the international politics of African conflict management. While much has been written about the ‘liberal peace’, this article argues that what is at stake in this debate is the consistency of the ‘liberal peace’ ideological form and what governance requirements it imposes. Such an ideology necessarily intersects with ongoing Malian peace-, nation- and statebuilding dynamics and competing normative orders that transcend state borders and nationalist projects. Read the full article here

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France in Mali: myths and realities

By Prof. Tony Chafer – The French intervention in Mali in 2013 was portrayed by many commentators at the time as another manifestation of la Françafrique. Tony Chafer argues that framing the intervention in this way is both problematic and misleading. Since the 1990s, la Françafrique has become shorthand for a neo-colonial relationship rooted in illicit and often criminal practices designed to maintain France’s ex-colonies in a relationship of dependency with the former metropole. Underpinning this relationship, it is argued, there exists a range of official links that have bound, and in many ways continue to bind, France to its former colonies in sub-Saharan Africa. These include defence and military […]

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Porosité des frontières des États membres de la communauté économique des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (CEDEAO) et mobilité tactique des marchands de la mort ?

Dr. Papa Samba Ndiaye – La communauté économique des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (CEDEAO) est une organisation internationale intergouvernementale qui a été créée en 1975 et qui regroupe les 16 pays d’Afrique de l’Ouest. Son objectif était la réalisation de l’intégration économique de ses États membres. Mais depuis la fin de la guerre froide, cette région connait une instabilité politique sans précèdent et la guerre court d’un pays à l’autre. Lire la suite

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Reconciliation Process and Governance under Alassane Ouattara since the End of Post-electoral Crisis in 2011

By Maxime Ricard. Who is Ivoirian? The Ivoirian State for whom and for what? These were the questions which tore apart the country during the 1990s and 2000s. Côte d’Ivoire’s post-electoral crisis from November 2010 to April 2011 led to the death of at least 3000 individuals and the violent removal of then president Laurent Gbagbo, who refused to recognize the internationally certified results of the election. Legitimacy is indeed a key issue in any discussion on the reconciliation process. The word “reconciliation” is in itself a problem, as well as the word “post-conflict”, as they carry the risk of a teleological progress toward pacification. Reconciliation however is understood as a […]

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Fragility, violence and criminality in the Gulf of Guinea.

By Dr. Elisa Lopez Lucia – The Gulf of Guinea is rich in oil and gas, and a major international trade route. While oil wealth in the context of weak governance and under-development is creating tensions leading to criminality and violence, high geostrategic stakes provide the incentives for national, regional and international actors to seek solutions. This rapid literature review analyses the causes, dynamics and responses to maritime security issues in three concentrated areas: the Niger Delta, the Bakassi peninsula and along the West African coast between Nigeria and Cote d’Ivoire. It shows that the many actors who are either directly involved in or enabling criminality in the region maintain […]

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WAPSN 2016 Symposium, Calls for paper, Peace Support Operations in West Africa

The West Africa Peace and Security Network would like to announce that the Deadline for the Call for Papers is has until 8 January 2016. Call for Papers 2nd Annual Symposium of the West Africa Peace and Security Network (WAPSN) Peace Support Operations in West Africa WAPSN is organizing its second annual symposium in Accra, Ghana, at the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre in late April or early May 2016 (tbc). We invite all interested academics, practitioners and professionals to submit 250-word abstracts for papers to be presented, if accepted, at the symposium. Abstracts must respect the 250-word limit, address one or more of the research questions below, and […]

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