Institutional responses to West African security
This cluster aims to examine the responses brought by regional and international actors to regional security dynamics in West Africa. Institutional actors such as the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the European Union (EU), the United Nations (UN), the United States (USA) have been heavily involved in the definition of, and support to regional mechanisms that aim to deal with a range of security issues (drug and other illegal trafficking, terrorism and radicalisation, the spread of small arms, etc.). Research located in this cluster studies the elaboration and implementation of these mechanisms, their effect and the challenges they encounter. It examines how various regional entities within West Africa are constructed by these mechanisms depending on the issue at heart (e.g. the Sahel for terrorism, the Gulf of Guinea for maritime security). It questions how these West African security dynamics – and the ensuing mechanisms – are defined, by which actors, for which purpose and with which effect on regional security and on West African states and organisations.
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