Tag Archives | Governance

Reconciliation Process and Governance under Alassane Ouattara since the End of Post-electoral Crisis in 2011

By Maxime Ricard. Who is Ivoirian? The Ivoirian State for whom and for what? These were the questions which tore apart the country during the 1990s and 2000s. Côte d’Ivoire’s post-electoral crisis from November 2010 to April 2011 led to the death of at least 3000 individuals and the violent removal of then president Laurent Gbagbo, who refused to recognize the internationally certified results of the election. Legitimacy is indeed a key issue in any discussion on the reconciliation process. The word “reconciliation” is in itself a problem, as well as the word “post-conflict”, as they carry the risk of a teleological progress toward pacification. Reconciliation however is understood as a […]

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Fragility, violence and criminality in the Gulf of Guinea.

By Dr. Elisa Lopez Lucia – The Gulf of Guinea is rich in oil and gas, and a major international trade route. While oil wealth in the context of weak governance and under-development is creating tensions leading to criminality and violence, high geostrategic stakes provide the incentives for national, regional and international actors to seek solutions. This rapid literature review analyses the causes, dynamics and responses to maritime security issues in three concentrated areas: the Niger Delta, the Bakassi peninsula and along the West African coast between Nigeria and Cote d’Ivoire. It shows that the many actors who are either directly involved in or enabling criminality in the region maintain […]

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