Tag Archives | West Africa

La résolution des conflits face au défi « terroriste » en Afrique de l’Ouest

Par Bruno Charbonneau – Depuis 2012, plusieurs pays de l’Afrique de l’Ouest ont vécu des attaques violentes qui suggèrent l’importance grandissante du problème « terroriste » dans la région. Le problème n’est pas apparu subitement, mais une rébellion au nord du Mali et un coup d’État à Bamako en 2012 suivis de l’opération française Serval en 2013 ont sans nul doute constitué un tournant. Pour certains, notamment les services américains, le conflit malien confirmait leur prédiction annoncée depuis la fin de la guerre froide à propos de la montée et de la venue du « terrorisme » djihadiste en Afrique de l’Ouest, notamment au Sahel-Sahara. Le débordement transfrontalier du conflit […]

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Peace Support Operations discussed in Accra

The West Africa region is beset by numerous security challenges (e.g. ethnic conflict, state-collapse, terrorism). To tackle these issues, regional actors, such as the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), and external partners (such as the EU or the UN) require access to cutting-edge research. WAPSN was established in 2015 to co-generate and transfer research expertise between academic and policy practitioners working on West African Security. Following the success of the inaugural symposium experts from West Africa, Europe and North America gathered again in Accra (Ghana) on 28-29 April to focus on the theme of Peace Support Operations. The event hosted again by the Kofi Annan Peace Keeping Training Centre (KAIPTC) […]

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Maritime Security and the Blue Economy: Understanding the Link

By Dr. Christian Bueger, Cardiff University. If the 21st century is a maritime century, better international cooperation and global ocean governance will be the key. The need for better ocean governance is reflected in two recent political and intellectual discourses which find their expression in the concepts of maritime security and of the blue economy. Both concepts aim at re-thinking the objectives of ocean governance. If maritime security points to the risks and perils of the sea, the blue economy captures its prospects and promises. Maritime security emphasizes the importance of protecting maritime space from diverse threats, such as inter-state disputes, piracy or other forms of transnational crime, but also the […]

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Will a private maritime security model work in the Gulf of Guinea?

By Peter Cook, director of SAMI. The use of Private Maritime Security Companies (PMSC) and their Privately Contracted Armed Security Personnel (PCASP) in the High Risk Area (HRA) of the North-West Indian Ocean has proved extremely successful; some say it was the “game changer” for the HRA, resulting in no commercial ship having been successfully hijacked by pirates in the HRA since May 2012. But could the same or a similar private maritime security model work in the Gulf of Guinea (GoG) and if not is there any way that private maritime security can work off the coast of West Africa? Nigeria is the cornerstone of the GoG geographically, culturally […]

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Maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea debated in Portsmouth

Maritime Security in the Gulf of Guinea debated in Portsmouth

Professor Tony Chafer, Director of the University of Portsmouth, Centre for European and International Studies Research, welcomed guests to the inaugural maritime security conference organised as part of the West Africa Peace and Security Network. The Ambassador of the Republic of Togo was one of the guest speakers at the conference held on March 9, 2016 to debate piracy and maritime security issues in the Gulf of Guinea with scholars and professionals. His Excellency Ambassador Yackoley Kokou Johnson presented the key objectives of the forthcoming African Union Lomé Summit on maritime security, safety and development in Africa. Delegates discussed sea-security challenges such as piracy and other criminal activities that remain obstacles to […]

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Premier Bulletin du Centre FrancoPaix en résolution des conflits et missions de paix

Centre FrancoPaix, UQAM – Chaire Raoul-Dandurand en études stratégiques et diplomatiques. Ce premier numéro du Bulletin FrancoPaix paraît dans le contexte de la création du Centre FrancoPaix en résolution des conflits et missions de paix (CFP). Le CFP a pour mission de valoriser la recherche scientifique, la formation universitaire et le développement des études dans le domaine de la résolution des conflits et des missions de paix dans la francophonie. Le rôle du Bulletin est de promouvoir et diffuser des analyses mensuelles rigoureuses, ponctuelles et utiles tant aux chercheurs qu’aux décideurs et professionnels de tout genre. Il se veut aussi un espace de dialogue, de débats et de partage des […]

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Reconciliation Process and Governance under Alassane Ouattara since the End of Post-electoral Crisis in 2011

By Maxime Ricard. Who is Ivoirian? The Ivoirian State for whom and for what? These were the questions which tore apart the country during the 1990s and 2000s. Côte d’Ivoire’s post-electoral crisis from November 2010 to April 2011 led to the death of at least 3000 individuals and the violent removal of then president Laurent Gbagbo, who refused to recognize the internationally certified results of the election. Legitimacy is indeed a key issue in any discussion on the reconciliation process. The word “reconciliation” is in itself a problem, as well as the word “post-conflict”, as they carry the risk of a teleological progress toward pacification. Reconciliation however is understood as a […]

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WAPSN 2016 Symposium, Calls for paper, Peace Support Operations in West Africa

The West Africa Peace and Security Network would like to announce that the Deadline for the Call for Papers is has until 8 January 2016. Call for Papers 2nd Annual Symposium of the West Africa Peace and Security Network (WAPSN) Peace Support Operations in West Africa WAPSN is organizing its second annual symposium in Accra, Ghana, at the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre in late April or early May 2016 (tbc). We invite all interested academics, practitioners and professionals to submit 250-word abstracts for papers to be presented, if accepted, at the symposium. Abstracts must respect the 250-word limit, address one or more of the research questions below, and […]

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Mali – The normalization of German security policy?

by Dr. Matthias Vogl , Center for European Integration Studies (ZEI), University of Bonn There was recently a news report about the deployment of a German contingent of up to 650 soldiers – among them reconnaissance forces – to Mali within the framework of the UN Mission MINUSMA. This contingent is about to replace Dutch forces during the next few months. Given the widely known German reluctance to send soldiers into risky scenarios in Africa, one could ask if this attitude is changing now, as MINUSMA is dubbed one of the most dangerous UN missions worldwide. Is German military engagement in Africa, apart from training and logistics, becoming something normal? […]

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