UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 (2000) and its related resolutions, as well as the relevant provisions at the level of the Regional Economic Communities – especially at ECOWAS level with the Supplementary Protocol on Democracy and Good Governance (2000); the ECOWAS Conflict Prevention Framework (2008), and the more recent ECOWAS Supplementary Act on Women and Men’s Equal Rights for Sustainable Development (2015) – serve as important legal and political references to advance peace, women’s rights and human security.  However, in spite of the progress made in mainstreaming gender in global policy, there is great variance in the implementation of UNSC 1325 and above mentioned legal instruments in the national security agendas of West African states, and across West Africa’s regional security architecture.

This research cluster aims to engage critically with issues around the militarization of conflict resolution and the challenges of implementing the international Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda in the West Africa region. The Gender Cluster will provide an opportunity to develop and share good practices and enable research synergies. The Cluster will seek to bring together different actors from diverse fields of enquiry who work on issues of gender equality, peace and security, including academics, policy makers, security actors, civil society actors and practitioners.

The Gender Cluster is co-led by:

Dr Georgina Holmes, University of Reading, UK. Email:

Professor Oumar Ndongo, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Senegal and The Centre for Diplomatic and Strategic Studies, Dakar Regional Office. Mobile +221 77 639 45 47, Email: